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What is the anatomy of a hair follicle?

A hair follicle is a small, complex structure located in the skin that produces and supports hair growth. The anatomy of a hair follicle includes the following parts:
Hair shaft: The visible part of the hair that extends above the surface of the skin.

Hair bulb: The rounded base of the hair follicle that contains the hair matrix, which is responsible for producing new hair cells.

Papilla: A small, cone-shaped structure located at the base of the hair bulb that contains blood vessels and nerves that supply nutrients and oxygen to the hair follicle.

Sebaceous gland: A small gland located near the hair follicle that produces sebum, which helps to moisturize and protect the hair and skin.

Arrector pili muscle: A tiny muscle attached to the side of the hair follicle that can contract in response to cold or emotional stress, causing the hair to stand up (goosebumps).

Inner and outer root sheaths: The inner root sheath is made up of three layers that surround the growing hair shaft, while the outer root sheath is a protective layer that surrounds the inner root sheath.

Connective tissue: The surrounding tissue that supports and anchors the hair follicle in the skin.

Understanding the anatomy of a hair follicle is important for identifying the underlying causes of hair loss and developing effective treatments for promoting hair growth and maintaining healthy hair.
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